Australian Republic Constitution
Australian Flag News Get Involved! Events Resources
Main Menu
ACM Home
About ACM
ACM News
Anthems
Afghan Court Martial
Book Reviews
The Commonwealth
Contact ACM
Convenor's Column
Constitutional Monarchies and Republics Compared
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Cost of Republicanism to the Taxpayer
Crowned Republic
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Event News
Federalism and the Mining Tax
Fiji
Flag: Keep The Flag
Governor of New South Wales
Head of State
Keating-Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
Knights & Dames
Latest News and Opinions
Links
Mate for a Head of State
Media and monarchy
Nile Inquiry
Opinion Polling
Orthodoxy and Monarchy
People's Republic?
Plebiscites
Prince Andrew
Prince Charles
Prince Harry
Prince Philip
Prince William & Catherine
Prince William In Australia
Prince William: The Early Years
Racist Republic?
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Resources
Return the Governor
Royal Commissions
Royal Finances
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
The Succession
2020 Summit
Join our Mailing List
See our selection of videos from across the world:-
ACM Videos
AussieCrownTV - ACM's own TV channel:
Aussie Crown TV
Follow ACM on Facebook:
Facebook
Self Funded Monarchy
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Finances
Royal Finances
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Head of State
Prince Philip
Prince Philip
Special Caribbean Report: Crown & Commonwealth

      Crown

The Commonwealth
The Commonwealth
Prince Harry
Prince Harry
Prince Andrew
Prince Andrew
Knights & Dames
Knights & Dames
The King's Speech: read the book, see the film.

The King's Speech

Watch the 2010 Neville Bonner Oration: Tony Abbott.
Tony Abbott
Nile Inquiry
Royal Commissions
Royal Commissions
Opinion Polls

 

Plebiscites
Plebiscites
2020 Summit
2020 Summit
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Afghan Court Martial
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Mate for a Head of State
Mate for a Head of State
Racist Republic?
Racist Republic
A People's Republic?
A People's republic?
Keating Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
The Keating Turnbull Republic
Crowned Republic
Crowned Republic
Polls
Republicans' Best Asset?
Is David Flint ( National Convenor since 1998) the republicans best asset, as some claim?
ACM Home arrow Latest News and Opinions arrow Governor Lachlan Macquarie

Governor Lachlan Macquarie Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Sunday, 05 January 2014

 Lachlan Macquarie, Governor of the New South Wales colony from 1810 to 1821, upheld high standards for the development of New South Wales from a penal colony to a free settlement. He introduced the first building code into the colony and greatly developed public infrastructure including roads, bridges, wharves, churches and public buildings. He encouraged former convicts and sought to treat the indigenous people fairly.

He was in brief one of our greatest viceroys. 

 

Image
[Governor Macquarie]

 

And yet, his administration was the subject of an official investigation, a Royal Commission, by John Thomas Bigge brought on by some hostile establishment figures who regularly complained to London.

 

Image
[ John Bigge ]


 He encouraged exploration sending Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson across the Blue Mountains in1813 , where they found the grazing plains of the interior. Following their discovery, Macquarie ordered the establishment of Bathurst, Australia's first inland city. He appointed John Oxley as surveyor-general and sent him on expeditions up the coast of New South Wales and inland to find new rivers and new lands for settlement.


 

...Royal Commission...

 

 

 

Macquarie believed that former convicts, the emancipists, had paid their debt to society and were entitled to be treated no differently from other settlers. This, and his favourable treatment of actual convicts was treated with disdain by some powerful settlers who made representations to London. His approach to Aborigines and those seen as lax morally was sympathetic and liberal.  

 On 5 January 1819, an English judge, John Thomas Bigge was dispatched to inquire into Macquarie's actions in the colony. Bigge felt that the convicts should be subject to stricter discipline and harsher punishment, and that the emancipists should not be treated so well. As N.D McLachlan observes in The Australian Dictionary of Biography: " Certainly no other Governor was so popular with both emancipist and convict.''

 As a result of the inquiry and Bigge's report, Macquarie was forced to resign his commission and return to England to defend his administration.  He criticised Macquarie's public works programme.

Macquarie resigned his commission and return to England to defend his administration.

The Bigge report was not all bad, recommending for example the involvement of locals in the future governance of the colony. 

 

 
< Prev   Next >
ROYAL VISIT 2014

Image

The Book Depository
Image
Image
Prince William: The Early Years
Prince Charles

Prince Charles

Constitutional Monarchies & Republics Compared

Image


Defend the Constitution and Flag
Australian Election Watch

10th Anniversary Neville Bonner Oration

11th Anniversary and Appeal

Crowned Republic 

   Keep The Australian Flag
Return the Governor to Government House
The Succession
The Succession
The Governor of New South Wales
Governor of New South Wales
Fiji
Fijian soldier
Media and Monarchy
Media and Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
Royal Yacht Britannia
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Events
October 2017 November 2017
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
Week 40 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Week 41 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Week 42 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Week 43 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Week 44 29 30 31