Australian Republic Constitution
Australian Flag News Get Involved! Events Resources
Main Menu
ACM Home
About ACM
ACM News
Anthems
Afghan Court Martial
Book Reviews
The Commonwealth
Contact ACM
Convenor's Column
Constitutional Monarchies and Republics Compared
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Cost of Republicanism to the Taxpayer
Crowned Republic
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Event News
Federalism and the Mining Tax
Fiji
Flag: Keep The Flag
Governor of New South Wales
Head of State
Keating-Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
Knights & Dames
Latest News and Opinions
Links
Mate for a Head of State
Media and monarchy
Nile Inquiry
Opinion Polling
Orthodoxy and Monarchy
People's Republic?
Plebiscites
Prince Andrew
Prince Charles
Prince Harry
Prince Philip
Prince William & Catherine
Prince William In Australia
Prince William: The Early Years
Racist Republic?
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Resources
Return the Governor
Royal Commissions
Royal Finances
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
The Succession
2020 Summit
Join our Mailing List
See our selection of videos from across the world:-
ACM Videos
AussieCrownTV - ACM's own TV channel:
Aussie Crown TV
Follow ACM on Facebook:
Facebook
Self Funded Monarchy
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Finances
Royal Finances
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Head of State
Prince Philip
Prince Philip
Special Caribbean Report: Crown & Commonwealth

      Crown

The Commonwealth
The Commonwealth
Prince Harry
Prince Harry
Prince Andrew
Prince Andrew
Knights & Dames
Knights & Dames
The King's Speech: read the book, see the film.

The King's Speech

Watch the 2010 Neville Bonner Oration: Tony Abbott.
Tony Abbott
Nile Inquiry
Royal Commissions
Royal Commissions
Opinion Polls

 

Plebiscites
Plebiscites
2020 Summit
2020 Summit
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Afghan Court Martial
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Mate for a Head of State
Mate for a Head of State
Racist Republic?
Racist Republic
A People's Republic?
A People's republic?
Keating Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
The Keating Turnbull Republic
Crowned Republic
Crowned Republic
Polls
Republicans' Best Asset?
Is David Flint ( National Convenor since 1998) the republicans best asset, as some claim?
ACM Home arrow Convenor's Column arrow Botany Bay: not just a penal colony

Botany Bay: not just a penal colony Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Wednesday, 23 February 2011

Did the British choose Botany Bay just as a place to send their surplus convicts? We have demonstrated elsewhere that the view it was a gulag is wrong, it was from the very first day under the rule of law.  

Ross Fitzgerald, himself an emeritus professor of history and politics, argues that, along with Geoffrey Blainey and Geoffrey Bolton, Emeritus Professor Alan Frost is the leading historian of the foundation and development of Botany Bay.

Professor Frost has been working in archives here and overseas for the past 35 years on the reasons for the decision to settle in New South Wales.

He concludes that the settlement was not just to place excess criminals. It was also to gain a key strategic advantage over Britain’s rivals including the Dutch, French and Spanish and to assume control of valuable natural resources such as Norfolk Island pines and flax for the British Navy.

Image



....myths challenged....




Prof Fitzgerald has just reviewed Alan Frost's recent book, Botany Bay: The Real Story (Black inc, 276pp, $32.95).

This appeared in The Weekend Australian’s Review magazine on 19 February. (It is not on the internet.)

Rodd Fizgerald says Professor attempts to explode the myth that those transported to New South Wales were mainly guilty of trivial offences. Most had committed serious crimes of violence and robbery and they escaped the death penalty at the mercy of the Crown by transportation.


Image


 [Continued below]

He also argues that the hulks in the Thames were not particularly overcrowded, that rations were reasonable and that the death rate on the hulks was not particularly high.

He points out that it was the Prime Minister William Pitt – Pitt the Younger - argued late in 1776 that Botany Bay should be more than a dumping ground for convicts. It was to play a crucial role in the expansion of British trade, and increase Britain's ability to combat France Holland and Spain, provide a naval base and also ensure a supply of needed resources.

He shows, Ross Fitzgerald believes, that Geoffrey Blainey was right to stress the significance of naval store and materials such as an flax timbers in choosing Botany Bay. He thinks that reasons of trade strategy including outmanoeuvring the French were pivotal in the decision.

He concludes that Botany Bay: The Real Story is a fascinating and compelling attempt to explain the multiple reasons for the first fleet arriving on 26 January 1788.
 
< Prev   Next >
ROYAL VISIT 2014

Image

The Book Depository
Image
Image
Prince William: The Early Years
Prince Charles

Prince Charles

Constitutional Monarchies & Republics Compared

Image


Defend the Constitution and Flag
Australian Election Watch

10th Anniversary Neville Bonner Oration

11th Anniversary and Appeal

Crowned Republic 

   Keep The Australian Flag
Return the Governor to Government House
The Succession
The Succession
The Governor of New South Wales
Governor of New South Wales
Fiji
Fijian soldier
Media and Monarchy
Media and Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
Royal Yacht Britannia
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Events
October 2017 November 2017
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
Week 40 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Week 41 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Week 42 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Week 43 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Week 44 29 30 31
Latest ACM News: -