Australian Republic Constitution
Australian Flag News Get Involved! Events Resources
Our Mission


To Preserve, To Protect and To Defend Our Heritage:

 Our Australian Constitutional System,

The Role of The Australian Crown in Our System  

&

  Our Flag

Main Menu
ACM Home
About ACM
ACM News
Anthems
Afghan Court Martial
Book Reviews
The Commonwealth
Contact ACM
Convenor's Column
Constitutional Monarchies and Republics Compared
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Cost of Republicanism to the Taxpayer
Crowned Republic
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Event News
Federalism and the Mining Tax
Fiji
Flag: Keep The Flag
Governor of New South Wales
Head of State
Keating-Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
Knights & Dames
Latest News and Opinions
Links
Mate for a Head of State
Media and monarchy
Nile Inquiry
Opinion Polling
Orthodoxy and Monarchy
People's Republic?
Plebiscites
Prince Andrew
Prince Charles
Prince Harry
Prince Philip
Prince William & Catherine
Prince William In Australia
Prince William: The Early Years
Racist Republic?
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Resources
Return the Governor
Royal Commissions
Royal Finances
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
The Succession
2020 Summit
Join our Mailing List
See our selection of videos from across the world:-
ACM Videos
AussieCrownTV - ACM's own TV channel:
Aussie Crown TV
Follow ACM on Facebook:
Facebook
Self Funded Monarchy
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Finances
Royal Finances
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Head of State
Prince Philip
Prince Philip
Special Caribbean Report: Crown & Commonwealth

      Crown

The Commonwealth
The Commonwealth
Prince Harry
Prince Harry
Prince Andrew
Prince Andrew
Knights & Dames
Knights & Dames
The King's Speech: read the book, see the film.

The King's Speech

Watch the 2010 Neville Bonner Oration: Tony Abbott.
Tony Abbott
Nile Inquiry
Royal Commissions
Royal Commissions
Opinion Polls

 

Plebiscites
Plebiscites
2020 Summit
2020 Summit
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Afghan Court Martial
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Mate for a Head of State
Mate for a Head of State
Racist Republic?
Racist Republic
A People's Republic?
A People's republic?
Keating Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
The Keating Turnbull Republic
Crowned Republic
Crowned Republic
Polls
Republicans' Best Asset?
Is David Flint ( National Convenor since 1998) the republicans best asset, as some claim?
Syndicate
ACM Home

Election systems: a clarification Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Monday, 01 November 2010
In the recent column on electoral fraud (15/10) I described the electoral system in the Senate until 1948 as first-past-the-post.  It was until 1917, but the result was still “winner-take-all” rather than proportional representation.

I am indebted to Mr. Geoffrey Goode, who is the President of the
Proportional Representation Society of Australia (Victoria-Tasmania) Inc.  The following comes from the Society’s very informative website, http://www.prsa.org.au/  

From 1903 to 1917, multiple, or bloc, first past the post (also known as plurality or relative majority) vote, was the Senate system, as the Senate in 1902 had, as stated at the end of the previous section, rejected the Barton Government’s proposal for proportional representation for the Senate, and had provided instead for a multiple first-past-the post system with plumping prohibited.(Continued below)

 .

Image
[ This was not proportional representaion ]



In 1919, the Senate’s multiple first-past-the-post system gave way to a multiple, or bloc, majority-preferential system after William Hughes’s Nationalist Government had introduced, in 1918, preferential voting for the House of Representatives, to avoid splitting of the conservative vote by the newly-formed Country Party, which supported the Nationalists in a Coalition government.

Since then, the
Coalition, in its various forms, has been the only governing group, other than the Australian Labor Party, in the Federal Parliament, and it has been the Government for most of that time.

By 1948, the decades of operation of those two systems showed that
they filled Senate seats so grossly disproportionately to votes that Parliament in that year replaced the Senate’s multiple preferential system with the present quota-preferential proportional representation (PR) system. The Opposition supported the change.

The site gives this explanation of winner-take-all :

At the Winner-take-all end of the spectrum are those systems, mostly like the two different majoritorian systems above used for Australian Senate elections from 1902-46 where, like the multiple plurality system (1902-17), the candidates that gained the largest single group of votes filled all the available positions, or the multiple majority-preferential system (1919-47), where the candidates that gained a bare absolute majority of votes filled all the available positions.

At five separate periodic Senate elections, a single party won all available seats Australia-wide
!

Mr. Goode adds:

While our Society obviously does not support first-past-the-post counting, we do, as shown at www.prsa.org.au/history.htm#gvt share your stated opposition to above-the-line voting.

My argument in that column was that the constitutional intention was that the House and the Senate not mirror one another.  I suggested the retention of proportional preferential voting in the Senate, but that we move to first-past- the- post in the House. 

If that is thought to be too unpalatable, the voter should not be compelled to fill every square. This is the optional preference system used in some state elections.



 
< Prev   Next >
ROYAL VISIT 2014

Image

The Book Depository
Image
Image
Prince William: The Early Years
Prince Charles

Prince Charles

Constitutional Monarchies & Republics Compared

Image


Defend the Constitution and Flag
Australian Election Watch

10th Anniversary Neville Bonner Oration

11th Anniversary and Appeal

Crowned Republic 

   Keep The Australian Flag
Return the Governor to Government House
The Succession
The Succession
The Governor of New South Wales
Governor of New South Wales
Fiji
Fijian soldier
Media and Monarchy
Media and Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
Royal Yacht Britannia
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Events
November 2017 December 2017
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
Week 44 1 2 3 4
Week 45 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Week 46 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Week 47 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Week 48 26 27 28 29 30
Latest ACM News: -