Australian Republic Constitution
Australian Flag News Get Involved! Events Resources
Main Menu
ACM Home
About ACM
ACM News
Anthems
Afghan Court Martial
Book Reviews
The Commonwealth
Contact ACM
Convenor's Column
Constitutional Monarchies and Republics Compared
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Cost of Republicanism to the Taxpayer
Crowned Republic
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Event News
Federalism and the Mining Tax
Fiji
Flag: Keep The Flag
Governor of New South Wales
Head of State
Keating-Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
Knights & Dames
Latest News and Opinions
Links
Mate for a Head of State
Media and monarchy
Nile Inquiry
Opinion Polling
Orthodoxy and Monarchy
People's Republic?
Plebiscites
Prince Andrew
Prince Charles
Prince Harry
Prince Philip
Prince William & Catherine
Prince William In Australia
Prince William: The Early Years
Racist Republic?
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Resources
Return the Governor
Royal Commissions
Royal Finances
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
The Succession
2020 Summit
Join our Mailing List
See our selection of videos from across the world:-
ACM Videos
AussieCrownTV - ACM's own TV channel:
Aussie Crown TV
Follow ACM on Facebook:
Facebook
Self Funded Monarchy
Self Funded Monarchy
Royal Finances
Royal Finances
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Diamond Jubilee 2012
Head of State
Prince Philip
Prince Philip
Special Caribbean Report: Crown & Commonwealth

      Crown

The Commonwealth
The Commonwealth
Prince Harry
Prince Harry
Prince Andrew
Prince Andrew
Knights & Dames
Knights & Dames
The King's Speech: read the book, see the film.

The King's Speech

Watch the 2010 Neville Bonner Oration: Tony Abbott.
Tony Abbott
Nile Inquiry
Royal Commissions
Royal Commissions
Opinion Polls

 

Plebiscites
Plebiscites
2020 Summit
2020 Summit
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Orthodoxy & Monarchy
Afghan Court Martial
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Mate for a Head of State
Mate for a Head of State
Racist Republic?
Racist Republic
A People's Republic?
A People's republic?
Keating Turnbull Republic: The Nineties
The Keating Turnbull Republic
Crowned Republic
Crowned Republic
Polls
Republicans' Best Asset?
Is David Flint ( National Convenor since 1998) the republicans best asset, as some claim?
ACM Home arrow The Commonwealth

The Commonwealth
The Commonwealth


The Commonwealth of Nations, normally referred to as the Commonwealth and formerly known as the British Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of fifty-three independent member states which grew out of the British Empire.

Only two members, Mozambique and Rwanda, were not British colonies.

The member states cooperate within a framework of common values and goals including the promotion of democracy, human rights, good governance, the rule of law, individual liberty, egalitarianism, free trade, multilateralism, and world peace.

 The Commonwealth is not a political union, but an intergovernmental organisation through which countries with diverse social, political, and economic backgrounds are regarded as equal in status.

The Commonwealth Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General. Meetings of  Commonwealth Heads of Government are held every two years.

 Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of the Commonwealth and as such is a symbol of the members free association.  Her Majesty is also the monarch of 16 members of the Commonwealth which are referred to as Commonwealth realms. 



...history...


The first usage of the term ‘Commonwealth of Nations’ appears to be to have been in 1884 by Lord Rosebery when he was visiting Australia.  He described the changing the British Eempire  with some of its colonies becoming more independent as a Commonwealth of Nations.

Conferences of British and colonial prime ministers had occurred periodically since 1887, leading to the creation of the Imperial Conferences in 1911. The Commonwealth developed from the Imperial Conferences.

A specific proposal was presented by Jan Christian Smuts in 1917 when he coined the term "the British Commonwealth of Nations," and envisioned the "future constitutional relations and readjustments in the British Empire."  Smuts successfully argued that the Empire should be represented at the all-important Versailles Conference of 1919 by delegates from the dominions as well as Britain.

 In the Balfour Declaration at the 1926 Imperial Conference, Great Britain and its dominions agreed they were "equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by common allegiance to the Crown, and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations".

The members agreed that in future governors general should be appointed by the sovereign after consultation with and advice from the ministers of the respective Dominion.

These aspects to the relationship were eventually formalised by the Statute of Westminster in 1931. Australia, New Zealand, and Newfoundland delayed ratification of the statute.  Newfoundland never did as it joined Canada in 1948 . Australia and New Zealand did in 1942 and 1947 respectively.



...British Commonwealth becomes The Commonwealth....



After World War II, the British Empire was gradually dismantled to just 14 British overseas territories, still held by the United Kingdom today.

In April 1949, following the London Declaration, the word "British" was dropped from the title of the Commonwealth to reflect its changing nature.  

In addition, it was agreed that the overseas members should no longer be referred to as dominions, but rather as Commonwealth realms

Burma (also known as Myanmar, 1948), and Aden (1967) are the only states that were British colonies at the time of the war not to have joined the Commonwealth upon post-war independence.





...absent friends...




Among the former British colonies, protectorates and mandates  which have  never become members of the Commonwealth are the United States (1776)  Egypt (independent in 1922), Iraq (1932), Transjordan (1946), British Palestine (part of which became the state of Israel in 1948), Sudan (1956), British Somaliland (which became part of Somalia in 1960), Kuwait (1961), Bahrain (1971), Oman (1971), Qatar (1971), and the United Arab Emirates (1971).



...republics...

The issue of countries with constitutional structures not based on a shared Crown but that wanted to remain members of the Commonwealth, came to a head in 1948 with passage of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948, in which Ireland renounced the sovereignty of the Crown[ and thus left the Commonwealth. The Ireland Act 1949 passed by the Parliament of Westminster offered citizens of the Republic of Ireland a status similar to that of citizens of the Commonwealth in UK law.

In April 1949 at a Commonwealth prime ministers meeting in London, it was agreed that a realm could become a republic and if approved by the other members could remain within the Commonwealth.

 Under this London Declaration, India agreed that, when it became a republic, in January 1950, it would accept the British Sovereign as a "symbol of the free association of its independent member nations and as such the Head of the Commonwealth".


...until 2007, re-apply...
 

Until 2007, a realm wishing to become a republic still had to reapply for membership of the Commonwealth.  This would have to be approved by all members.  In 1999, ACM revealed that Australian republicans, including the Attorney-General had overlooked the requirements of the London declaration. 

Constitutional monarchists criticised the Republicans for not ascertaing this and ensuring that there would be no objection from other members to any change of status.  This would have required unanimous approval of other members. In practice approval seems to have been ssumed in the absence of an objection.  At that time Australia did not have the most friendly relations with the Malaysian Prime Minister, Dr Mahathir. He had vetoed our membership of another international group.

Now,  change to a republic can be effected without reapplication provided the member is observing all of the Commonwealth criteria for membership. The judgement on this is made by the other members acting unanimously.  Thus it could be argued that the 2007 decision could still raise the issue of a veto following a change of status .

Following India's precedent, other nations became republics, or constitutional monarchies with their own monarchs, while some countries retained the same monarch as the United Kingdom, but their monarchies developed differently and soon became fully independent of the British monarchy. The monarch of each Commonwealth realm, whilst the same person, is regarded as a separate legal personality for each realm.  In 1999 th 

Falkland Islanders overwhelmingly wish to remain under the Crown Print E-mail
Written by ACM   
Tuesday, 12 March 2013

Whatever the claims of the Argentinian government to ownership of the Falkland Islands, it certainly cannot be based on self determination.

The Falkland Islanders have overwhelmingly stated their wish to remain a under the Crown.

‎99.8% of the people of Falkland Islanders have voted to remain a British overseas territory, with just three people voting against.

Below is a video of David Flint speaking on the legal issues at the time of the Argentinian invasion, in breach of international law.

 
Charter of the Commonwealth Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Monday, 11 March 2013
As Head of the Commonwealth, The Queen will on Commonwealth Day 11 March 2013 sign a new Charter backing equal rights .

Image


...press frenzy....


The Charter has received the support of every Commonwealth nation.  The Text is reproduced below. The Charter was the subject of a London media frenzy about gay rights.  it is doubtful whether they actually read the Charter. 

It includes the following words as part of sixteen clauses: "We are implacably opposed to all forms of discrimination, whether rooted in gender, race, colour, creed, political belief or other grounds."

The reports were of course a beat up.



...Sydney event...


The Governor of New South Wales, Professor Marie Bashir, will read a message from The Queen at a Commonwealth Day Luncheon offered by the NSW Commonwealth Day Council at Parliament House in Sydney.

The Speaker and President of the Legislative Council and members of the diplomatic and consular corps will be in attendance. 


The lunch will be preceded by the final of a schools debate to be held in the Legislative Assembly.

School children will parade the Flags of the Commonwealth and the band of the Scots College will a play in the forecourt.

There will be celebrations in other places in Australia and across the Commonwealth. Once we receive reports we will publish them.
Read more...
 
Commonwealth- a queue to join Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Tuesday, 22 January 2013

How refreshing to see that the British political class has at last woken up to the fact that their Commonwealth links are of immense value.

Image

Trade in the Commonwealth is booming, with member states collectively exporting more than £1.5 trillion of goods and services each year,” declares Hugo Swire, British Minister of State for the Commonwealth in “The Commonwealth has never been stronger. This great institution promotes trade and freedom – no wonder there’s a queue to join,” in the London Daily Telegraph, 2 January, 2013. He tells of how he met The Queen recently on her visit to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office .

 

Image


His view is refreshingly different from that of a former Foreign Secretary David Miliband      referred to in the ACM column of 22 July 2009,“British politicians question relevance of Commonwealth” . It was not surprising that this former Foreign Secretary who could not see the value of the Commonwealth also closed  the Foreign Office library

containing the records of 500 years of Britain’s overseas entanglements, including the original copies of all the relevant treaties, which are part of our shared heritage . This institution was described by Gladstone’s foreign secretary, Lord Granville, as’“the pivot on which the whole machinery of the Office turned’.( See this column, 22 September 2011, “Barbaric near criminal vandalism at the Foreign Office.” 


 
 
...trade advantages...  

 

 

“Research conducted by the Royal Commonwealth Society found that when two trading partners were members, their trade was likely to be a third to a half more than when one or both trade partners was non-Commonwealth. There is clearly the potential to build on this in 2013 and beyond.

“Nearly a third of the world, over two billion people, is made up of Commonwealth citizens. From India, one of the most populous countries, to Nauru, one of the smallest, the Commonwealth family spans every continent and hosts more than 200,000 listed companies. Collectively they have real clout.

“The UK is connected to all of these nations through historical ties but also through our Queen, a strong advocate of the Commonwealth, who in 2012 marked her 60th year as its head. The Royal family unifies the institution, a fact that was most recently shown in the unanimous agreement of Commonwealth realms to amend the Act of Succession. Now the first child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will succeed to the throne regardless of gender. This is, I think, a symbol of a modernising institution that can move with the times.






...The Queen...


 

 
Read more...
 
Queen's Birthday Parade (Bermuda June 2012) Print E-mail
Written by ACM   
Sunday, 09 September 2012

Published on Jun 9, 2012 by scottneil

Highlights from the Queen's Birthday Parade, along Front Street, Hamilton, Bermuda, on June 9, 2012. The Governor George Fergusson inspected the marching regiments, which included the visiting Atholl Highlanders Regiment from Scotland - Europe's only legal private army.

 
Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment honours the fallen Print E-mail
Written by ACM   
Sunday, 02 September 2012

The bodies of three New Zealand soldiers  from The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment, 2nd Batallion killed in Afghanistan  were welcomed home with a giant haka in Christchurch on 23 August 2012.

The tribute to Corporal Luke Tamatea, Lance Corporal Jacinda Baker and Private Richard Harris was performed by approximately 200 military personnel.

Image

The three soldiers died earlier this month when their vehicle was hit by a huge roadside bomb in north-east Bamyan Province.

New Zealand has suffered a total of 10 combat deaths in Afghanistan.



The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment, whose Colonel in Chief is HM The Queen of New Zealand, is descended  from the old New Zealand Regiment and all previous Territorial Infantry Regiments of the New Zealand Army. 

Accordingly, the Regiment is permitted to display a selection of 105 battle honours awarded to ten separate regiments from the Boer War to Vietnam.

Personnel from the Regiment are  currently deployed in Bamyan Province in Afghanistan, East Timor/Timor Leste and the Solomon Islands.

The Regiment enjoys close links with  the Royal Australian Regiment, The Royal Highland Fusiliers,  The Rifles (in particular the Durham Light Infantry)and the  Brigade of Gurkhas all from the UK, the 7th Battalion, Royal Malay Regiment and  Singapore’s 1st Commando Battalion.




....the haka...

 

Read more...
 
<< Start < Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next > End >>

Results 10 - 18 of 87
ROYAL VISIT 2014

Image

The Book Depository
Image
Image
Prince William: The Early Years
Prince Charles

Prince Charles

Constitutional Monarchies & Republics Compared

Image


Defend the Constitution and Flag
Australian Election Watch

10th Anniversary Neville Bonner Oration

11th Anniversary and Appeal

Crowned Republic 

   Keep The Australian Flag
Return the Governor to Government House
The Succession
The Succession
The Governor of New South Wales
Governor of New South Wales
Fiji
Fijian soldier
Media and Monarchy
Media and Monarchy
Royal Yacht Britannia
Royal Yacht Britannia
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Republic Audit: Costs of Republic
Reserve Powers of the Crown
Events
November 2017 December 2017
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
Week 44 1 2 3 4
Week 45 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Week 46 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Week 47 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Week 48 26 27 28 29 30