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ACM Home arrow Constitutional Monarchies and Republics Compared

Constitutional Monarchies and Republics Compared
Constitutional Monarchies Compared



Invited to a 1999 debate on the republic referendum at an inner city branch of the Liberal Party of Australia, my assertion that constitutional monarchies or crowned republics  were among the world’s most advanced countries was greeted with derision and ridicule.

It was difficult to believe this was a branch of the party founded by Sir Robert Menzies. Saying " Well may you laugh," I then recited a list of countries with admirable records, all constitutional monarchies.  this was greeted in resentful silence.

The fact is that of the seven oldest continuing democracies, five are constitutional monarchies. Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II reigns over four.

  The Westminster system has been exported to many countries and has had an unrivalled success, unlike the constitutional  models of the to two oldest ( politicians') republics, the USA and Switzerland.

For many years now, ACM has been posting evidence on this site supporting our argument that constitutional monarchy (or as many say  a "
Crowned Republic") offers the world’s most consistently successful form of government.

This is principally in the United Nations’ annual Human Development Index and in  certain other indices. By ranking countries in a way which is more consistent with this thinking, the HDR report has helped shift the debate away from gross domestic product (GDP) per capita as the only measure of development.

Instead, the HDI has provided a summary of each country’s achievement in attaining for its people: 

·          A long and healthy life,

·          access to knowledge, and 

·          a decent standard of living.

A common theme emerges in all of these indices. While constitutional monarchies make up only about 15% of the nations of the world, they are very much over represented among the best performing countrie sin the world. Recent academic research indicates the most important factors in a nation becoming and remaining democratic, prosperous and well educated is its institutions. This surely means that the institutions in a constitutional democracy seem to be particularly appropriate for a nation to become democratic, prosperous, well educated. It is more than a coincidence.



Most advanced, sophisticated & beneficial form of governance. Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Tuesday, 06 October 2009

The crowned republic, constitutional monarchy, is the most advanced, sophisticated and beneficial form of governance the world has ever known.

Some of you may scoff, and some monarchists may doubt this, but the proof of the pudding is in the eating.

It has just been  announced that countries with the best quality of life are Norway and Australia. More importantly, crowned republics -constitutional  monarchies - make up less than 20% of countries around the world but cluster towards the top of the list.

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[ The least corrupt. too ]

 

When I was invited to a 1999 debate on the republic referendum at an inner city branch of the Liberal Party of Australia, my assertion that constitutional monarchies were among the world’s most advanced countries was greeted with derision and ridicule. It was difficult to believe this was a branch of the party founded by Sir Robert Menzies.  

So some years ago, as evidence of our argument that constitutional monarchy offered the world’s most consistently successful form of government, ACM has been posting the evidence on this to this site.

This is principally in the United Nations’ annual Human Development Index. By ranking countries in a way which is more consistent with this thinking, the HDR report has helped shift the debate away from gross domestic product (GDP) per capita as the only measure of development.

Instead, the HDI has provided a summary of each country’s achievement in attaining for its people: 

·          A long and healthy life,

·          access to knowledge, and 

·          a decent standard of living.

In data just released, 50% of the top ten and top twenty countries are constitutional monarchies or crowned republics. Queen Elizabeth II is Sovereign of four countries in the top 25, and ten of those  classified as having "very high" or " high" human development. 

As is the practice, this report relates to the latest statistics available for use in the study - in this case those  for the year 2007.

From those statistics, Norway was attributed the value on the index of 0.971, Australia 0.970.

 This result is broadly consistent with every earlier edition of the HDI over two decades. It is also consistent with  other measurements of well being taken over extended periods of time.

These have included a separate measurement of prosperity and, you may be surprised, even one for corruption (see map).

I have no hesitation therefore in asserting that the crowned republic or constitutional monarchy is the most advanced, sophisticated and beneficial form of governance the world has ever known.

Can anyone - anywhere - show me how I am wrong?  

 

 
The best countries to live in : crowned republics - ie., constitutional monarchies Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Wednesday, 07 January 2009

The proof of the pudding is in the eating. 

Often rubbished or at least dismissed by the elites, once  again crowned republics, or constitutional monarchies, have been  shown to offer the beat form of governance known to the world. The consistency of this sort of result will demonstrate - at least to the open minded - that this is no mere coincidence.

The UN Human Development Programme is based on the proposition that human development is about enlarging people’s choices, allowing them to develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in dignity and in accordance with their needs and interests.

Image
[ Among the least corrupt, too ]

By ranking countries in a way which is more consistent with this thinking, the HDR report has helped shift the debate away from gross domestic product (GDP) per capita as the only measure of development.

Instead, the HDI has provided a summary of each country’s achievement in attaining for its people:
 

·          A long and healthy life,

·          access to knowledge, and 

·          a decent standard of living. 

 
  

The HDI for 2008 was released on 18 December, 2008. Using 2006 data, the latest HDI has been calculated for 179 countries and territories.  Since the data relate to the 2006 year, the impact of the current economic crisis is not reflected in the rankings. 

Three countries have been added: Liberia, Montenegro and Serbia, while one country, Zimbabwe, has been unsurprisingly dropped because of problems with income estimates. Yet that unfortunate  country, when it was still a self governing constitutional monarchy, would no doubt have ranked high among African countries had the HDI been available then.

The point is that constitutional monarchies, or crowned republics, make up less than 20% of the list. And yet, they make up 70% of the top ten.

Most are clustered among the highest HDI countries. The first developing country in the list is a constitutional monarchy.

This is not a coincidence and is consistent with every earlier edition of the HDI and other measurements of well being taken over extended periods of time.

These have included a separate measurement of prosperity and, you may be surprised, even one for corruption.
 
 
World Prosperity Index: Crowned republics outperform- again. Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Thursday, 16 October 2008
Australia has topped the recently announced Legatum Prosperity Index, in which crowned republics, or constitutional monarchies, once again outperform politicians’ republics on any measure of well being. Whenever we made[i] this point in 1998 and 1999 during the referendum campaign, it was greeted with howls of derision by the supporters of the republican movement. Worse it was ignored, or shall we say, suppressed by the mainline media.

It was very much a newsworthy fact that crowned republics outperform politicians’ republics on most measures of well being, including freedom, education, health, life expectancy, wealth, the distribution of wealth and low levels of corruption. It still is.

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[Corruption perceptions index, 2006]


The fact is that there should be no more than four crowned republics in the top twenty in any such list. Invariably there are always more.




...world prosperity index... 



 
In the overall Legatum country rankings, there are six crowned republics in the top twenty – outperforming politicians’ republics by 150%.
  

According to its designers, the Legatum Index  produces a ranking based on the conditions that foster prosperity -- that is, the factors that promote economic competitiveness and improved liveability in a given country.

They  refer to these factors as drivers of prosperity and to those that impede prosperity, as restrainers. They say the  Index endeavours to rank countries according to the strength of these drivers and restrainers, not according to simple measures of income and life satisfaction.

The Index is available on a quite splendid site, which offers various interactive tools to allow the visitor to understand the research undertaken.  It is well worth a visit.

The Index aggregates a number of separate rankings. There are  two  in which governance is a factor. In each of these, crowned republics are again over represented in the top twenty.They are:
1.     Invests productivity via good governance : 9/20, outperforming  politicians’ republics by 225%.

2.     Creates an environment of well being via good governance: 8/20, outperforming politicans’ republics by 200%.

In another two governance would appear to be relevant:
1.     Fosters freedom via freedom of choice: 7/20, outperforming by 175%.

2.     Fosters freedom via equality of opportunity:7:20, outperforming by 175%. 





...trappist republicans remain silent...

 

As we said in 1998, there are good reasons for this correlation.

So how do republicans answer this?  As with the details of the change they want, they remain silent.

They should be renamed the Trappist Republican Movement, but for the fact that they are so vocal about getting the taxpayers to do their work.

   


[i] “It is not difficult to point to constitutional models which have failed. It is a melancholy truth that most have, and only a handful have succeeded over time. And Australia under its present constitutional system is one of the world’s seven oldest democracies. Of these five are constitutional monarchies. Elizabeth II is sovereign over four. Of the leading ten countries in the UN Human Development Index, eight are constitutional monarchies. There are good reasons for this correlation.”  (The Australian Constitution, Professor David Flint, 20 August 1998)   
 
Why are crowned republics so much better? Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Wednesday, 01 October 2008

Image

 

Proportionately, there should only be four constitutional monarchies – crowned republics- among the top 20 least corrupt countries in the world.

Can anyone from the Australian republican movement, or any of our politicians who want to shred our constitutional system and our Flag, tell us why there are more than twice as many crowned republics there and not four?

It’s the same when it comes to measuring freedom, education, health, life expectancy, wealth and the distribution of wealth.

Why are crowned republics so well run?

During the referendum, I  argued in a  Liberal Party arranged debate in an inner city electorate that crowned republics have a far better record than politicians’  republics. This was greeted by loud guffaws.

I slowly listed them. Silence followed.



....corruption index...



 As ACM’s International Convener, George Bougias recently wrote, “We know that Constitutional Monarchies are amongst the most prosperous, stable and free societies in the world.”

(Incidentally, Mr. Bougias made a very well received presentation at the recent ACM National Confernce on its 2009-2010 campaign. )

 “Now we are reminded (again) by Transparency International that they are the least corrupt. 

“In its most recent report Transparency International notes: 

          Denmark, Sweden and New Zealand (all Constitutional Monarchies) are the least corrupt countries in the world

          11 of the world’s 20 least corrupt nations are Constitutional Monarchies and

          Republics are amongst the most corrupt nations. 

“The sceptics may scoff but “The Berlin-based Transparency International notes the report “highlights the fatal link between poverty, failed institutions and graft” , according to a report in  the Brisbane Times, 24 September, 2008.  

“Do republicans think Australians will throw out one of the world’s most successful Constitutions for a system much more open to corruption and other negative influences?”

Well come on, all you people who wish to remove the Australian Crown.

 

Why are crowned republics disproportionately represented when it comes to the freest, best educated, healthiest, wealthiest, fairest and least corrupt countries?

Don’t be backward.

We would really like to read your explanations.

  

 

 
Prominent republican says: monarchies are best Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Friday, 29 August 2008

Image

"If anybody asks me, and they usually don't, I always say I'm an Australian republican, and I'd vote as I did in 1999 to end the monarchy and 'break John Howard's heart'," writes Bob Ellis, the well known Australian writer, film maker, political speechwriter and one time political candidate.

"But I've yet to sort out a worry I've had for twenty years, and it's this," he continues on the ABC's Unleashed opinion column on 28 August, 2008.

"The best countries in the world are monarchies," he insists. As ACM has been saying for many years, just check with the UN Human Development Index (e.g. "Constitutional Monarchy: Unequalled as a model for good government," 13 February, 2007)

"Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Spain, Japan, the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand and Australia, all monarchies, are enviable societies; and they're in sharp contrast with Iraq, Iran, Syria, Gaza, Israel, Egypt, Sudan, Algeria, Congo, Nigeria, Cuba, Mexico, Haiti, Panama, North Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Haiti, Russia, China and the United States, all of which are republics and most of which overthrew their kings with violence."

He does not seem to appreciate that The Queen does not reign over Commonwealth republics, nor that Zimbabwe is no longer in the Commonwealth, an association which has standards.

He does understand the essential point, though."Why is it constitutional monarchies work as well as they do?" he asks.

“It’s because, I think, they provide a level of judgement above the level of chiacking politicians, which dignifies the country. It's the constitutional equivalent of an umpire."

"A constitutional monarch is less like a god, or a Caesar or a Great Dictator, and more like a Guardian Angel; and somewhere in the human psyche there is room for this idea.

"It's what I call a sustaining fantasy, the kind of thing we suspect isn't true, but it's what keeps us going."  

 

 
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