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ACM Home arrow Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World

Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World
Constitutional Monarchy in the Muslim World

Of the seven oldest continuing democracies in the world, five are constitutional monarchies, four of which have Queen Elizabeth II as their sovereign.

This is testimony to the fact that constitutional monarchy under the Westminster system is the only constitutional model which has been imported by other countries and which has operated successfully for any extended period of time.

This is not limited to the Christian world, Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, and Reformed. Constitutional Monarchy has worked very well in Arab and other Muslim countries.



...more freedom, peaceful transitions of power....




In these countries there has been more freedom of speech, with governments changing in elections or on the floor of parliament. Minorities have been better protected. The Copts in Egypt are a case in point. They were best protected under the British occupation and then the constitutional monarchy.  It was only after the installation of a republic that the persecution recommences, along with restricted rights and a dictatorship.

It would be unrealistic to expect that a monarchy in a developing country be as little involved in the direction of the government as in say, Canada.  But even where the monarch  actually governed as in say Iran, few would doubt that the position then was vastly superior to what is happening now.

A marvellous feature of monarchy is how it evolves, and evolves in a democratic direction, as we see today in Morocco.

Had the Shah survived  (and the French and American governments of the day must bear a great part of the blame), it is likely that under his son Iran would today be a happier, freer and less threatening power.

  

Emergence of constitutional monarchies - the real Middle Eastern story Print E-mail
Written by Robert D Kaplan   
Thursday, 14 July 2011

Good autocrats there are. For example, in the Middle East, monarchies found away over the decades and centuries to engender a political legitimacy of its own, allowing leaders like King Mohammed VI and Sultan Qaboos bin Said in Oman to grant their subjects a wide berth of individual liberties without fear of being overthrown.

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Not only is relative freedom allowed, but extremist politics and ideologies are unnecessary in these countries.

It is only in modernising dictatorships like Syria and Libya – which in historical and geographical terms are artificial constructions and whose rulers are inherently illegitimate – where brute force and radicalism are required to hold the state together

 

.

.....real story in the Middle East..



.

 The real story in the Middle East these past few months, beyond the toppling of these decrepit regimes, is the possible emergence of authentic constitutional monarchies in places like Morocco and Oman. (This was written before the referendum approving Morocco as the world's latest constitutional monarchy)  

Both of these countries, which lie at the two geographical extremities of the Arab world, have not been immune to demonstrations. But the protesters in both cases have explicitly called for reform and democracy within the royal system and have supported the leaders themselves. 

King Mohammed and Sultan Qaboos have moved vigourously to get out in front of popular demands by reforming the system is instead of merely firing their cabinets. 

Indeed, over the years, they have championed women's rights, the environment, the large-scale building of schools and other progressive causes.
 

Qaboos, in particular, is sort of a Renaissance man who plays the loot and loves Western classical music and who – at least until the celebrations in 2010 marking 40 years of his rule – eschewed a personality cult.



.

..freedom from stability...

 

 

 
Read more...
 
Moroccans overwhelmingly approve constitutional monarchy 2011 Print E-mail
Written by ACM   
Saturday, 09 July 2011

Moroccans have overwhelmingly voted Yes on 8 July 2011in a referendum which will  bring the  Moroccan constitution  closer to those of most constitutional monarchies.

 This video clip from the major European news service, Euronews, shows His Majesty, King Mohammed VI casting his vote.

 
Yet another republican model Print E-mail
Written by ACM   
Monday, 04 July 2011

 At a conference attended by about 1000 people in Sydney held over the weekend of 2 and 3 July 2011,  calls were made for Australia to join an international theocratic constitutional republic, a caliphate.

Turning into an elective monarchy, the caliphate was eventually absorbed by the Ottoman Empire, only to be abolished by the Turkish leader, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, in 1924.

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[ General Mustafa Kemal Ataturk ]


 According to Tim Vollmer  in Sydney's Daily Telegraph ( 4/7), the 2011 Khilifah Conference,  “Uprising In The Muslim World....On the Road To Khilafah”, was a daylong conference with many international and local Muslim speakers giving talks about the Muslim world. 

He reported that Uthman Badar, from the radical Islamic organisation Hizb ut-Tahrir, referred to the Afghan War as a Western invasion and said:

"If our members exist in a country where an occupation has occurred, in capacity as individuals they would have an obligation to resist."



...sharia law...





When he was asked if he condoned the killing of Australian troops in Afghanistan, Mr Badar replied:

"If you are occupying someone else's land those victimised people have the right to resist."
Mr. Vollmer reported that Mr. Badar had refused to condemn  tactics such as suicide bombing as long as "innocent non-combatants" were not targeted.

He called for the creation of an Islamic state ruled by sharia law, stretching from Spain to Australia.

According to Mr. Vollmer, Hizb ut-Tahrir  has been banned in many countries overseas, including parts of the Middle East.

The proposal ignores the fact that constitutional monarchy has proved a most successful model in the arab and Muslim world.

Given that the republican movement is unable or unwilling  to indicate what sort of republic they want, they could add this model to their endless debates about a model to put to the people.
 
World's latest constitutional monarchy - Morocco Print E-mail
Written by ACM   
Sunday, 19 June 2011

King Mohammed VI of Morocco has announced plans for reforms limiting his own powers, enhancing the authority of the prime minister and parliamen and thus turning Morocco into a full constitutional monarchy. This video report of 17 June 2011 is from the leading European news service, Euronews.

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The King had earlier indicated on 11 March 2011 that he would build a constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliament.

The proposals will be put to the people - men and and women - in a referendum on 1July 1.

"My loyal people, you'll find me among the first to work on implementing the proposed constitutional project which enforces the basics of the constitutional, democratic and parliamentary monarchy, after it has been voted on by the national survey which will take place on the 1st of July," His Majesty said.

Morocco is already one of the Arab world's freest and most stable countries. Moving to a full constitutional monarchy - the nation was already well on the way - demonstrates the strength of this constitutional model, one which has worked better in the Arab world than any other form of government.

 
Libyans comparing Gadaffi with the King he overthrew Print E-mail
Written by Professor David Flint AM   
Wednesday, 15 June 2011
In many ways, Libya’s is an odd revolution, writes Michael Cousins in Arab News, 6 June 2011. He says it is as much about bringing back an old Libya as making a new one. “The insurgents have reclaimed the old red, black and green flag with its star and crescent that served the kingdom from independence in 1951 to Muammar Qaddafi's coup in 1969.

       [ Moammar Gadaffi ]

“They have reclaimed its anthem with its words about sacrifice, liberation and never going back to live in chains — words written in fact to commemorate the fight against the Italians but resonating so perfectly with the present struggle against Qaddafi.”

Muammar Gaddafi extended his terror beyond Libya, by committing acts of terrorism in the air over Lockerbie, in London and by financing other terrorist groups, including the Irish Republican Army.  The IRA  was responsible for at least one terrorist attack on Australians, and Gerry Adams actually came to Australia to campaign for the Yes case in the 1999 referendum.

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...calls for restoration..




Mr. Cousins reports that in conversation after conversation with Libyans in Benghazi, all invariably spoke of the fall of Qaddafi and his regime and their hope it would happen soon.

“But the next most common subject was the monarchy and the hope that it would be restored. It is amazing how many Libyan raise the issue, young and old alike.He says there is an obvious affection for the old king.

 “Articles about him appear in the new press. With no stain of political or financial corruption attached to him, he is now seen as a man of integrity and honor — the complete antithesis of Qaddafi. Twice he tried to abdicate to devote himself to study and prayer.

“Moreover, despite Qaddafi’s efforts to eradicate every last memory of the Senussi order — to the point of smashing the graves of Senussi members at Al-Jaghbub and scattering their bones in the desert — it is still greatly revered. Support for the house of Senussi is powerfully strong in eastern Libya, probably stronger than at any time since the early 1960s.”

“A restoration movement has been started in Benghazi."



(Continued  below)
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